Introduction to computational semantics. Syntax-driven semantic analysis. Semantic attachments. First-Order Logic. Lambda notation and lambda calculus for semantic representation. Lexicon, lemmas and word forms. Word senses: monosemy vs. polysemy. Special kinds of polysemy. Computational sense representations: enumeration vs. generation. Graded word sense assignment. Encoding word senses: paper dictionaries, thesauri, machine-readable dictionary, computational lexicons. WordNet. Wordnets in other languages. BabelNet.
Saturday, April 12, 2014
Introduction to syntax. Context-free grammars and languages. Treebanks. Normal forms. Dependency grammars. Syntactic parsing: top-down and bottom-up. Structural ambiguity. Backtracking vs. dynamic programming for parsing. The CKY algorithm. The Earley algorithm. Probabilistic CFGs (PCFGs). PCFGs for disambiguation: the probabilistic CKY algorithm. PCFGs for language modeling.